عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Traditionally, there are two opposite philosophical positions relevant to evaluation of art and the relationship between the art and ethics which are as follows: «Moralism» (based on the moral principles) and «Autonomism» (based on the Autonomism). According to Moralism, the aesthetics values of art must be determined by moral values. Unlike, in Autonomism approach the application of moral principles is not appropriate for the evaluation of art and the only thing which gives significance to art is its' aesthetic values. This paper aims to study on the theories of Plato as a philosopher who is believed in the relationship between the art and ethics and to consider Kant's viewpoints as the opponents' representative of the relationship between these two aforesaid cases, and finally by offering a new theory which is in fact the moderate version of the above-mentioned extreme theories aims to illustrate that the aesthetic and moral values of a work of art have overlapping role and in addition to legality of moral evaluation of works of art, its aesthetic aspects should be considered too.